Improving flood frequency and magnitude estimates in Spain using dendrogeomorphological analysis (DENDRO AVENIDAS and MAS D-A)

Floods are the type of natural hazard having the highest socio-economical impact on a global and national scale, especially during sudden and torrential events that typically occur in mountainous areas.
In order to prevent these risks, flood hazard analyses have been carried out traditionally with hydrologic and hydraulic methods, and secondarily using palaeohydrological-historical and geological-geomorphological methods. Nonetheless, these techniques pose countless uncertainties with respect to the (non-) availability of data (hydrometeorological, historical and flood deposit records), their spatio-temporal validity and their statistical representativeness.
In most torrential channels, trees or tree-like vegetation is easy and frequent to find close to the channel margins. Dendrogeomorphology takes advantage of paleoflood information registered in roots, trunks and branches of trees or shrubs located in geomorphological locations, that may be useful to complete (or even to replace) the systematic registry or paleohydrologic data of torrential floods that have occurred in a certain stream.
It therefore is the general scope of this project to use data and methodologies derived from tree-ring series to improve torrential flood frequency and magnitude assessment, so that more adequate preventive measures can be implemented to mitigate associated risks. The proposed research will be tested and set up using several locations in the headwaters of the Alberche (Sierra de Gredos, Ávila), Eresma (Sierra de Guadarrama, Segovia) and Tagus rivers (Sistema Ibérico, Guadalajara) as study areas in Spain.


Contractors: Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia de España

Project leader: Istituto Geológico y Minero de España (IGME)

Collaboration: Universidad de Castilla–La Mancha (UCLM), Spain

Project duration: April 2007 to March 2011

Contact: Andrés Díez-Herrero, Markus Stoffel

Watch the MOVIE: MPEG-4 (VLC Player here)

Publications :

Ballesteros, J.A., Bodoque, J.M., Díez, A., Sanchez-Silva, M., Stoffel, M., (2011): Calibration of floodplain roughness and estimation of palaeoflood discharge based on tree-ring evidence and hydraulic modelling. Journal of Hydrology, 403 (1-2), pp 103-115.

Ballesteros, J. A., Eguibar, M., Bodoque, J. M., Díez, A., Ballesteros, J. A., Eguibar, M., Bodoque, J. M., Díez, A., Stoffel, M., Gutiérrez, I. (2011): Estimating flash flood discharge in an ungauged mountain catchment with 2D hydraulic models and dendrogeomorphic paleostage indicators. Hydrological Processes, 25, 970–979. [PDF]

Ballesteros-Canovas, J. A., Stoffel, M., Bollschweiler, M., Bodoque del Pozo, J. M., Díez-Herrero, A. (2010): Flash-flood impacts cause changes in wood anatomy of Alnus glutinosa, Fraxinus angustifolia and Quercus pyrenaica. Tree Physiology 30: 773–781. [PDF]

Ballesteros-Canovas, J. A., Stoffel, M., Bodoque del Pozo, J. M., Bollschweiler, M., Hitz, O. M., Diez-Herrero, A. (2010): Changes in wood anatomy in tree rings of Pinus pinaster Ait. following wounding by flash floods. Tree-Ring Research 66: 93–103. [PDF]

Ruiz-Villanueva, V., Diez-Herrero, A., Stoffel, M., Bollschweiler, M., Bodoque, J. M., Ballesteros, J. A. (2010): Dendrogeomorphic analysis of flash floods in a small ungauged mountain catchment (Central Spain). Geomorphology 118: 383–392. [PDF]

Ruiz-Villanueva, V., Bodoque del Pozo, J. M., Ballesteros Cánovas, J. A., Díez-Herrero, A. (2009): Resultados preliminares del estudio dendrogeomorfológico de las avenidas torrenciales en la cuenca del río Pelayo (Sierra de Gredos, Ávila). 5e Congreso Forestal Español: in press. [PDF]

Ballesteros J. A., Díez-Herrero A., Bodoque J. M.,Stoffel M., Bollschweiler M. y Hitz O. (2008): Caracterización de la señal anatómica en la madera de árboles afectados por avenidas torrenciales. Trabajos de Geomorfología en España, X Reunión Nacional de Geomorfología, Cádiz: 191-194. [PDF]

Ballesteros, J. A., Stoffel, M., Bollschweiler, M., Hitz, O., Díez-Herrero, A., Bodoque, J. M. (2008): Wood anatomy of debris-flood scars in broadleaved tree species of central Spain. Geophysical Research Abstract 10: 07741. [PDF]

Díez-Herrero, A., Ballesteros, J. A., Llorente, M., Bodoque, J. M., Stoffel, M. (2008): Towards a classification of dendrogeomorphological evidences and their utility in flood hazard analysis. Geophysical Research Abstract 10: 07837 [PDF]

Díez-Herrero, A., Ballesteros, J.A., Bodoque, J.M., Eguíbar, M.A., Fernández, J.A., Génova, M.M., Laín, L., Llorente, M., Rubiales, J.M., Stoffel, M. (2007): Mejoras en la estimación de la frecuencia y magnitud de avenidas torrenciales mediante técnicas dendrogeomorfológicas. Boletín Geológico y Minero 118 (4): 789802. [PDF]

Bodoque, J. M., Díez-Herrero, A., Martin-Duque, J. F., Rubiales, J. M. 2007 Sheet erosion rates determined by using dendrogeomorphological analysis of exposed tree roots. Geophysical Research Abstract 9, 05548. [PDF]

Diez-Herrero, A., Moya, J., Corominas, J., Bodoque, J. M., Muntan, E., Gutierrez, E., Oller, P., Furdada, G., Vilaplana, J. M., Martin-Duque, J. F., Rubiales, J. M., Genova, M., García, C., Marti, G., Ballesteros, J. A., 2007. Dendrogeomorphological studies for natural hazards research in the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Andorra). Geophysical Research Abstract 9, 07036. [PDF]

Rubiales, J. M., Bodoque, J. M., Díez-Herrero, A., Martín-Duque, J. F., 2007. Determination of first exposure year by using dendrogeomorphological analysis of Scots pine roots. Geophysical Research Abstract 9, 05566. [PDF]