IHCAP – Indian Himalayan Climate Adaptation Programme

The Indian Himalayan Climate Adaptation Program (IHCAP) combines advanced scientific research, traditional and innovative knowledge of communities and action, and policy articulation at multiple levels with the objective of adding value by addressing climate change impacts and adaptation in the Indian Himalayas in a holistic manner. It responds to a Government of India dialogue with the Government of Switzerland for collaboration to promote climate resilient development in the Indian Himalayan Region by strengthening scientific capacity in India, both at the individual and institutional levels, and through land-use based community adaptation measures. The programme is designed to build resilience to climate change impacts at the community level in Indian Himalayan Region by focusing on innovative climate adaptation solutions integrated with indigenous knowledge and practices, with a focus on water-livelihood-food security for poverty reduction and on risk reduction to extreme events in the Indian Himalayan Region. The programme will also, at India’s domestic policy level (state and national), enrich climate change policy dialogue and implementation focusing on adaptation, and work towards strengthening institutions and enhancing knowledge through networked solutions.


Contractors: Swiss Development and Cooperation Agency, Swiss Federal Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Swiss project lead: University of Geneva, Climatic Change and Climate Impacts Research (C3i), Geneva.

Project duration: 2012–2015

Contact: Markus Stoffel


Mathison, C., Wiltshire, A., Dimri A. P., Falloon, P., Jacob, D., Kumar, P., Moors, E., Ridley, J., Siderius, C., Stoffel, M., Yasunari, T. (2013): Regional projections of North Indian climate for adaptation studies. Science of the Total Environment 468–469, S4–S17. [PDF]

Collins, D., Davenport, J.L., Stoffel, M. (2013): Climatic variation and runoff from partially-glacierised Himalayan headwater basins of the Ganges. Science of the Total Environment 468–469, S48–S59. [PDF]

Rohrer, M., Salzmann, N., Stoffel, M., Kulkarni, A.V. (2013): Missing (in-situ) snow cover data hampers climate change and runoff studies in the Greater Himalayas. Science of the Total Environment 468–469, S60–S70. [PDF]

Worni, R., Huggel, C., Stoffel, M. (2013): Glacier lakes in the Indian Himalayas – glacier lake inventory, on-site assessment and modeling of critical glacier lakes. Science of the Total Environment 468–469, S71–S84. [PDF]

Moors, E.J., Stoffel, M. (2013): Changing monsoon patterns, snow and glacial melt, its impacts and adaptation options in northern India: Synthesis. Science of the Total Environment 468–469, S162–S167. [PDF]

Frey, H., Machguth, H., Huss, M., Huggel, C., Bajracharya, S., Bolch, T., Kulkarni, A., Linsbauer, A., Salzmann, N., Stoffel, M. (2013): Ice volume estimates for the Himalaya–Karakoram region: evaluating different methods. The Cryosphere Discussions 7, 4813–4854.

Bolch, T., Kulkarni, A., Cogley, G., Frey, H., Fujita, K., Huggel, C., Kargel, J., Paul, F., Scheel, M., Bajracharya S., Stoffel, M. (2012): The state and fate of Himalayan glaciers. Science 336: 310–314. [PDF] [Supplementary materials]